Biology

9-12

Course Outline

  1. The Biology course incorporates new perspectives and understanding across major subdisciplines of biology. Genetics, cell biology, development, behavior, and immunology are some of the areas covered. The concept of evolution is seen as the central organizing theme of biology. The focus of the course is on molecular biology. As an introductory course in biology, students are prepared for college.

  2. As an introductory course in biology, students are prepared for college and advanced placement courses. Students will be sensitized to various moral and environmental issues being brought to the fore by research in bioengineering and other areas of biological research. They will be provided with tools with which to make educated decisions regarding these new technologies and developments.

  3. Introduction

  4. What is Science?

  5. Scientific Methodology

  6. Handout: Scientific Methodology Matching Exercise

  7. Handout: Identifying Control and Experimental Groups

  8. Assignment: Scientific Methodology Matching Exercise

  9. Assignment: Identifying the Control and Experimental Groups

  10. Graphing Data

  11. Types of Graphs

  12. The Application of Science

  13. Quiz: Science Test

  14.  

  15. Standards of Measurement

  16. The Metric System

  17. Handout: Metric Conversion

  18. Assignment: Metric Conversion

  19. Instruments Used in Measurement

  20. Handout: Instruments Used in Measurement

  21. Assignment: Instruments Used in Measurement

  22. Metric System Conversions

  23. Quiz: Standards of Measurement Test

  24.  

  25. Tools of a Biologist: Microscopes

  26. Microscope History

  27. Vocabulary

  28. Compound Light Microscope

  29. Handout: Instructional Virtual Compound Light Microscope

  30. Assignment: Instructional Virtual Compound Light Microscope

  31. Electron Microscopes

  32. Essay: Structure and Function of Microscopes

  33. Quiz: Tools of a Biologist Test

  34.  

  35. Chemical Basis of Life

  36. Properties of Water

  37. Water’s Cohesive and Adhesive Behavior

  38. Water and Temperature

  39. Handout: Properties of Water

  40. Assignment: Properties of Water

  41. Mixtures, Solutions, and Suspensions

  42. Acids, Bases, and the pH Scale

  43. Handout: Acids and Bases: Reading pH

  44. Assignment: Acids and Bases: Reading pH

  45. Organic Compounds: Chemistry of Life

  46. Carbohydrates

  47. Lipids

  48. Proteins

  49. Proteins: Enzymes

  50. Nucleic Acids

  51. Handout: Organic Molecule Chart

  52. Handout: Identifying Organic Compounds

  53. Assignment: Organic Molecule Chart

  54. Assignment: Identifying Organic Compounds

  55. Quiz: Chemical Basis of Life Test

  56.  

  57. Cell Biology

  58. The History of the Cell Theory

  59. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells

  60. Cell Structure and Function of Animal Cells

  61. Handout: Structures of the Cell

  62. Handout: Functions of the Cell

  63. Assignment: Structures of the Cell

  64. Assignment: Functions of the Cell

  65. Cell Structure and Function of Plant Cells

  66. Differences Between Animal and Plant Cells

  67. Handout: Differences and Similarities between Animal and Plant Cells

  68. Assignment: Differences and Similarities between Animal and Plant Cells

  69. Quiz: Cell Biology Test

  70.  

  71. Cell Transport

  72. Cell Membrane

  73. Movement through the Cell

  74. Passive Transport

  75. Handout: Osmotic Solutions

  76. Assignment: Osmotic Solutions

  77. Active Transport

  78. Handout: Movement of Materials through the Cell Membrane

  79. Assignment: Movement of Materials through the Cell Membrane

  80. Quiz: Cell Transport Test

  81.  

  82. Cell Chemistry

  83. Cell Chemistry

  84. Enzymes

  85. Enzymes in the Body

  86. Life Applications of Enzymes

  87. Handout: Enzymes

  88. Assignment: Enzymes

  89. ATP

  90. Handout: ATP Cell Energy

  91. Assignment: ATP Cell Energy

  92. Quiz: Cell Chemistry Test

  93.  

  94. Cellular Respiration

  95. Cellular Respiration

  96. Glycolysis

  97. Krebs Cycle

  98. Electron Transport Chain

  99. Handout: Cellular Respiration

  100. Assignment: Cellular Respiration

  101. Anaerobic Respiration

  102. Handout: Cellular Respiration-Fermentation Flow Chart

  103. Assignment: Cellular Respiration-Fermentation Flow Chart

  104. Quiz: Cellular Respiration Test

  105.  

  106. Photosynthesis

  107. Photosynthesis

  108. Handout: Photosynthesis

  109. Assignment: Photosynthesis

  110. Light and Dark Reactions

  111. Handout: Light and Dark Reactions

  112. Assignment: Light and Dark Reactions

  113. Quiz: Photosynthesis Test

  114.  

  115. Mid-Term Exam

  116. Mid-test

  117. Assignment: Mid-test

  118. Quiz: Mid-Term Exam

  119.  

  120. The Genetic Code

  121. Genes

  122. DNA

  123. Handout: The DNA Molecule

  124. Assignment: The DNA Molecule

  125. Rosalind Franklin

  126. DNA Replication

  127. Handout: DNA Replication

  128. Assignment: DNA Replication

  129. RNA

  130. Handout: DNA and RNA Comparison

  131. Assignment: DNA and RNA Comparison

  132. Protein Synthesis

  133. Transcription

  134. Translation

  135. Building a Protein

  136. Handout: Protein Synthesis

  137. Assignment: Protein Synthesis

  138. Quiz: The Genetic Code Test

  139.  

  140. Cell Reproduction

  141. Cell Reproduction

  142. Handout: Cell Reproduction

  143. Assignment: Cell Reproduction

  144. Cell Cycle and Interphase

  145. Mitosis

  146. Handout: Cell Cycle

  147. Assignment: Cell Cycle

  148. Meiosis

  149. Meiosis I

  150. Meiosis II

  151. Assignment: Introduction to Mitosis and Meiosis

  152. Chromosome Numbers

  153. Handout: Chromosome Numbers

  154. Assignment: Chromosome Numbers

  155. Quiz: Cell Reproduction Test

  156.  

  157. Basic Genetics

  158. History of Basic Genetics

  159. Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance

  160. Determining Gene Expression

  161. Rules of Probability

  162. Multiple Alleles

  163. Sex-Linked Genes

  164. Other Types of Inheritance

  165. Assignment: Punnett Squares

  166. Quiz: Basic Genetics Test

  167.  

  168. Applied Genetics

  169. Chromosomal Mutations

  170. Mutagens

  171. Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

  172. Handout: DNA Fingerprinting

  173. Handout: Interpreting a Human Pedigree

  174. Assignment: DNA Fingerprinting

  175. Assignment: Interpreting a Human Pedigree

  176. Heredity and Personal Health

  177. Quiz: Applied Genetics Test

  178.  

  179. Evolution

  180. The Theory of Evolution

  181. Darwin and Natural Selection

  182. Evidence to Support Evolution

  183. Handout: Determining the Age of Fossils

  184. Handout: Homologous and Analogous Structures

  185. Assignment: Determining the Age of Fossils

  186. Assignment: Homologous and Analogous Structures

  187. Origin of Life on Earth

  188. Hominid Evolution

  189. Handout: Human Evolution

  190. Assignment: Human Evolution

  191. Quiz: Evolution Test

  192.  

  193. Classification and Kingdoms

  194. Why Classify?

  195. Taxonomy

  196. Linnaeus’ System of Classification

  197. Handout: Taxonomy: Interpreting Diagrams

  198. Assignment: Taxonomy: Interpreting Diagrams

  199. Viruses

  200. Kingdoms of Life

  201. Kingdom Monera

  202. Kingdom Protista

  203. Handout: Kingdom Protista

  204. Assignment: Kingdom Protista

  205. Kingdom Fungi

  206. Kingdom Plantae

  207. Kingdom Animalia

  208. Handout: Animal Phylum Matching

  209. Assignment: Animal Phylum Matching

  210. Assignment: Exploring Taxonomic Groups

  211. Quiz: Classification and Kingdoms Test

  212.  

  213. Ecology

  214. Ecology

  215. Abiotic Factors

  216. Biotic Factors

  217. Handout: Abiotic and Biotic Factors

  218. Handout: Food Webs

  219. Assignment: Abiotic and Biotic Factors

  220. Assignment: Food Webs

  221. Interrelationships of Organisms

  222. Handout: Symbiotic Relationships

  223. Assignment: Symbiotic Relationships

  224. Biomes

  225. Life in Aquatic Systems

  226. Handout: Biomes

  227. Assignment: Biomes

  228. Interruptions in an Ecosystem

  229. Non-Renewable Natural Resources

  230. Renewable Resources and Disadvantages of Implementation

  231. Quiz: Ecology Test

  232.  

  233. The Human Body

  234. Cardiovascular System

  235. Handout: The Cardiovascular System

  236. Assignment: The Cardiovascular System

  237. The Human Brain

  238. Handout: The Anatomy of the Brain

  239. Assignment: The Anatomy of the Brain

  240. The Reproductive System

  241. Handout: The Reproductive System: Is it for a Girl or Boy?

  242. Assignment: The Reproductive System: Is it for a Girl or Boy?

  243. Human Development

  244. Quiz: The Human Body Test

  245.  

  246. Final Exam

  247. Post-test

  248. Assignment: Post-test

  249. Quiz: Final Exam